||Summary:Members of the Provincial Councils in Afghanistan are: Local commanders, clerics, influential and communities heads who most of them do not have enough and relevant education based on their field of work.Why SO focused on this category to be conducted human/women right, gender, gender mainstreaming, gender analysis and gender mainstreaming in monitoring and evaluation and public speaking training for, is the important roles and responsibilities of them in the country towards development, as: monitoring and evaluation on all governmental development projects, policy making, planning and budgeting at provincial levels. SO has conducted this training for 281 (Female: 62; Male: 219) PC members of PCs.Human rights and gender concepts had their opponents most specifically at training starting point. Hearing these words were raising PC members’ reactions that most of them were clerics (Mulavi), local commanders, influential etc. Normally, the training procedure was to asking questions from the trainees about the training topics before describing them by trainers. While the question was raised by trainer about any of those topics the trainees were showing reaction to them, saying that these words are foreign terminology and has not usage in Islam. We are Muslims and we have to hear what Islam says. Our trainers were referencing to Quran verse and Hadith as this Quran verse: listen to all and follow the best one (Alzomr; 17-18). In all rounds, we were experiencing this procedure, at the beginning of each round we were facing with full reactions, sometimes were charging us with dissemination of the stranger values against Islam but fortunately our trainers were capable of rejecting their views through Quran verses and reliable Hadith. Finally, we were succeeding to provide enough clarification to their questions to agree with the training concepts that they are the most necessary needs of the human society. Impact of the training: The PC members of above mentioned provinces were acquainted with knowledge and skills on gender, human rights/women’s human rights, monitoring, evaluation, gender analysis, gender mainstreaming, public speaking skills and case studies of gender analysis and gender mainstreaming topics, through attending 9 rounds trainings (4 days each session). The training which was attended by 281 (Female: 62; Male: 219) from the 26 provinces, have enabled the PC members to understand the concepts of gender and human rights and elaborate these topics in the public gatherings, consider gender in the monitoring process from the development projects, ensure gender is mainstreamed during the planning stage of the development projects and policies on provincial level.The training also provided an opportunity for the PC members of these provinces to share each other their experiences, knowledge and best practices to learn how to overcome the challenges, in particular, building synergy and coordination with the local government and other provincial stakeholders. Generally, at the beginning of each round some conservative participants were firmly criticized the gender and human rights topics of the training, insisting that these are not in Islam and our culture but majority of the participants were in favour of gender and human rights. During the training sessions, the perception and mentality of all the participants, including those conservatives, were gradually changed in support of training topics as they understood throughout the training that gender and human rights are not against Islam and the Afghan culture. At the end of each round, there was about 99.5% consent in support of the training topics for the participants of second round training in 2017. For instance, in beginning of the session, Mr Shikh Yahya Anbi Deputy Director of Panjshir provincial council stated that, “women are mentally defected” and he believed that women are created imperfect and inferior than men then was referencing to some Hadith.At end of the training he confessed and stated to the trainer that, “what you have explained were all right and come true with the current era but what I have said, comes in Hadith.” At the end he looked very regretful of what he said about women in the training.Average result of the pre-and post-tests of the six PC training rounds in 2017 which were included 17 provinces of Afghanistan indicates an increase of 36% in knowledge of the participants on the training topics of gender, human rights, gender analysis, gender mainstreaming and public speaking skills. The trainees obtained 32% out of 100 in pre-test and 68% out of 100 in post-test which show the difference of 36%. 116 out of 157 participants have participated in these pre-and post-tests.The overall result of the pre and post-tests of the three rounds in 2016 which were for 9 northern provinces of Afghanistan indicates an increase of 27.4% in knowledge of the participants on the training topics (pre-test results 34.6% and post-test results 61.96%) and the difference is 27.96%.The most important impact of the program was PC member’ views change who were opposing the topics of gender and human rights specifically women right in the beginning but at the end they were totally agreeing and announcing to support and disseminate the topics in the community for gender equality.