Lingering conflict has left Afghanistan with destroyed educational systems and infrastructure. The education system suffered tremendously as a result of the Taliban insurgency, and several conditions still make the process of education difficult for many Afghans. The Afghans have been living in a protracted state of conflict and instability for more three decades. In addition to uncertain security, the extreme mountain terrain and harsh climate make it difficult to access education especially for girls. Under the Taliban regime violence and intimidation were routinely exercised to prevent girls and women from attending school and gaining the education that is their right. In this setting, the education system floundered, and fewer than 1 million children were attending school: there are 8 million children in school today.
To help Afghanistan not to experience previous disaster and cross the current hurdles education is the only grantor of peace and stability, where SO has significantly contributed to promote education, support youth particularly girls with establishment, construction and renovation of more than 120 school buildings from which has operated 97 schools since its foundation; mostly for girls, literacy courses, for women, teacher trainings and recently establishment of GIHE that has a positive discrimination against girls’ higher education. Yet a number of 160,928 individuals were benefited by SO education projects since its establishment where 4,403 (Female: 1,875 – Male: 2,528) students were benefited in 2015. Overall 165,331 individuals have been benefited in 27 years. See detailed projects of 2015 in below:
6.1. Establishment of Ghorab High School’s Library:
To encourage educational institutions provide quality education at Ghorab High School, SO established the school library, providing 608 volumes of books on different subject critically important for the students to further nourish their knowledge on their school subjects. The library was equipped with required furniture (eight sets of shelve, one set desk and chair for librarian, two sets of tables and 24 sets of chairs).
Worth mentioning that, Ghorab high school’s building has been constructed by SO through the financial support of CAFS in 2003.
Beneficiaries: 349 (Female: 108 – Male: 241)
Duration: One Year (October 8, 2015 – October 7, 2016)
Location: Saighan District of Bamyan Province
6.2. Water Supply System of Sar-e-Sarab Girls High School, Waras Distric of Bamyan:
Shuhada has constructed Sar-e-Sarab boy’s school back in 1994; both boys and girls were using the school in two shifts. After passing the years, dire need was felt for school extension due to the limited capacity of the school and SO facilitated the construction of Sar-e Sarab Girls High school with the financial support of CAFS in 2014. This school is located far away from water resources and this was one other problem that teachers and students were facing every day. Based on community and school principle requests SO with the financial support of CAFS facilitated and started the construction of Water Supply System on 12th of September 2015 and completed it/ provided potable water for the 334 girl’s students and 14 teachers (4 female and 10 male) by 20th October 2015. The water supply project addressed the problem (lack of drinking water) directly.
Consequently, a complete water supply system is constructed for Sar-e-Sarab Girl’s high School which contains: two water filters near the spring, water reservoir, 4,600 meter pipe/plumbing and two taps installed in front of the school for water consumption.
Beneficiaries: 348 (Female: 338 – Male: 10)individuals.
Duration: One Month and Eight Days (September 12, 2015 – October 20, 2015)
Location: Waras District of Bamyan Province
6.3. Construction Monitoring of School Library Building:
SO monitored the construction work of library building in Salhi Zirak High School, The main purpose of this project was to construct a building as a library and culture center for Salihi Zeerak high school which consists of 1,200 students (Girls and Boys), teachers, and the local community with almost 500 house holders.
The library was built in one story with 5 rooms and a corridor according to the provided map. The project was financially supported by Diaspora-DRC program in 2015.
Beneficiaries: 1,200 (Female: 540 – Male: 660) individuals- Indirect Beneficiaries: 8,400 Individual
Duration: 5 Months (May1, 2015 – Sept30, 2015)
Location: Jaghoori District of Ghazni Provinces
6.4. SO Scholarship Program:
Due to the limited capacity in the state universities entrance and lack of family economic support, many high school graduated Afghan students, especially girls, leave their higher education dreams mid-way or they are never able to start.
Comitato Arghosha Faraway School (CAFS), based on its previous humanitarian cooperation such as construction of school buildings and providing scholarship for girls stepped widely in supporting more 12 grade graduated girls with start of higher education.
The Arghosha Committee and Shuhada Organization consider the scholarship project as a complement to the many years of work to help build education infrastructure. Moreover, they also see it as a small but crucial investment, which will yield the biggest and best of returns – the development of human resources in one of the country’s poorest regions. To lateralize this objective, nine girls have been sponsored by CAFS to continue their education in the Gawharshad Institution of Higher Education (GIHE) in the field of Engineering & Law/Political Science.
Beneficiaries: Nine Girls
Duration: Two Years (April 1, 2014 Is Ongoing)
6.5. Gawharshad Institute of Higher Education:
Gawharshad Institute of Higher Education (GIHE) was founded by Dr. Sima Samar in August 2010 and registered with the Ministry of Higher Education of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to operate as a non-profit private university in Afghanistan. GIHE has been named after Queen Gawharshad Begum of Timorid Empire who had a leading role in the development of Arts, Science, Literature, Philosophy and Architecture in Afghanistan in the 15th century. GIHE has the honor of attracting students nationwide comprised of different ethnic groups.
developed, tolerant, democratic, and participatory Afghan society which respects human rights and democracy.
to prepare competent and democratic leaders for future of Afghanistan.
Human Rights, Equality, Tolerance, Diversity, Pluralism of ideas and freedom of opinion.
6.5.1. GIHE has Four Faculties:
GIHE since its establishment has instructed and managed a total of 2,497 (Girls: 880 – Boys: 1,617) students in those faculties under cooperation of 118 (Female: 7 – Male: 111) instructors, 35 (Female: 8 – Male: 27) substantive staff, 21 (Female: 1 – Male: 20) supporting staff. In 2015 394 individuals (Girls: 129 – Boys: 235) students graduated and got their bachelor degrees from GIHE.
– Law and Political Science: this faculty has two functional departments with a number of 1,346 (Girls: 506 , Boys: 840) where 236 (Girls: 86 – Boys: 150) graduated at the end of 2015.
– Economic and Management: this faculty has two functional departments with a number of 940 (Girls: 336 – Boys: 604) where 158 (Girls: 57 – Boys: 101) graduated at the end of 2015.
– Civil Engineering: 128 (Girls: 20 – Boys: 108) students are currently studying in this department.
– Computer Science: 83 (Girls: 18 – Boys: 65) students are currently studying in this department.
GIHE tries to deliver other services than formal education to support the especially needy girl students and build their capacity with skill and related knowledge:
6.5.2. Women Empowerment Center:
The WEC provides number of scholarships for female students. The WEC has provided 264 scholarships ranging from 50% up to 100%. 203 female students received 100% and 61 female students received 50% scholarships,
The WEC received funds for these scholarships from different organizations and individuals in and outside of the country.
– Linda Foundation awarded eight Prizes to group and individual since 2012.
– Six weeks gender training has been conducted for 120 Students by GIHE in 2015.
– English and computer courses were conducted for 84 (Girls: 69 – Boys: 15) students in 2015.
6.5.3 Gawharshad English Language Department (GELD)
Ghawharshad English Language Department is conducting classes from level one up to level three. Total beneficiaries of the students in this department are 216 (35 female and 181 male) students.
6.5.4 Research Department:
It is a fact that the universities, in the globe, are tending to be research based universities. It simply manifests the importance of research in the academic world. GIHE recognizes and gives importance to this trend and hence, plans to be part of it. The research department of GIHE was established in 2013. The department, since its establishment, has made significant contribution to the achievement of the institute`s developmental goals. See the Key achievements below:
1. A number of 26 books and papers were published.
2. “Investigating the causes of educated youth fleeing the country” and “Gender based violence” is the two field research being carried out by research department. The researches will be completed soon and the findings will be published by the GIHE publications.
3. capacity building workshops for staff and students, facilitates and conducts academic seminars including (Project management, Field research, Peace building and conflict resolution, Non-violent communication and leadership skills, How parliament works, Adverse effects of tradition on marriages , Awareness on quality assurance and Research methods) where a number of 280 (Female: 100 – Male: 180) benefited from the above programs.
GIHE is enriching its library with recent published books every year and it added 1,468 new books to it in 2015. Now, there are 14,789 books available for the students and around 2,500 users are registered as the regul ar users of library.
6.5.6 Communication Department:
This department is in touch with internal and external persons and the new students who enroll for Kankor exam and want to have information about GIHE. This department has the responsibility to provide information to client or guide them where to refer for the related source or sector and manage the projects.
In 2015 this department has conducted two major projects under the title of: Peace Building and conflict resolution for 140 (Female: 81 – Male: 59)with financial support of USIP and Training for University Students, Local Leaders, and Civil Society Youth Groups on the Concepts of CEDAW, UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions” for 635 (Female: 384 – Male: 251) funded by UN-women.
6.5.7 Quality Assurance Department:
GIHE established Quality Assurance Department (QAD) in March 2015. This department is responsible for insuring the quality of educational services, collecting and analyzing the reports from academic departments, and reporting to the academic deputy of GIHE and Afghanistan Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE).